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Boris Rarden

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Everything posted by Boris Rarden

  1. Hi, I have written an article on my blog about addiction. http://rarden.blogsp.../addiction.html In this article I present the information about the following addictions: Smoking, Coffee, Alcohol, TV, popular music, and something I called "Laziness to Think".
  2. In the introduction to the Objectivist Forum series, Ayn Rand wrote that Objectivism is a closed philosophy. Apparently David Kelley didn't read this, because he was surprised to learn from Peikoff that Objectivism is a closed philosophy. Here's what Ayn Rand said at the end of that introduction: Therefore, the moment you begin to promote a venue for Libertarian ideas (which means that indirectly you are making these statements), then you can't put everything under the rubric of Objectivism. There needs to be a separating line, that is made clear to the audience, of which ideas are Objectivism, and which are not. But this doesn't happen in David Kelley's conferences. They present all sorts of speakers there, and it would not be clear to he laymen audience which ideas are Ayn Rand's and which are of the speaker.
  3. Nice find, thanks. I am a bit surprised, to hear this from Seinfeld. I think he and Larry David make jokes about the desire to be selfish, but I didn't think they are fully on the side of selfishness.
  4. Boris Rarden

    Galts Gulch Petition

    Why don't we create a site like the http://freestateproject.org/ but to start a full objectivist community where we wouldn't have to pay any income taxes. Let's prepare a petition to USA government asking for autonomy, according to the following plan: Stage 0: Build it. We take a geographical area in USA (buy lots of cheap land, in the middle of nowhere, in the states) We build a small community there using money from our current jobs We slowly increase amount of time that we live on site Stage 1: Live in there -- need petition granted The rules below are created to be in such a way that we are not taking anything away from USA infrastructure. The core issue at question is the absense of income tax on barter exchange within Gulch. Definition: Base Value -- Public school teacher's salary residing outside of Gulch. If USA will have one day no public teachers, we will take a percentage from the average salary of private teachers who have between 1 and 2 years of experience. We will pay a fee for use of electricity infrastructure and water, which USA govt can change any time, with 1 year advance notice, if the change is more than 5% in value, and 1 month notice if it is less. We will pay a fee for a member entering or leaving Gulch. This fee encodes the cost of public roads and infrastructure required to get to Gulch (gas, airports). This fee is a percentage of Base Value, and the percentage can not be changed. We will pay a one time property tax for the area. This fee is agreed upon when the petition is approved, and can not be ever changed. Protection fee: We will pay a fee to USA for running the military to protect us, per Gulcher. This fee will be a fixed percent of Base Value, and can not be changed. On purchase of any item not produced in Gulch, we pay USA sales tax, or USA import tax if it is imported from abroad. We don't pay income tax on barter between Gulchers, even if it is using some kind of local currency to facilitate it. We don't use the American dollar, but maybe Bitcoin or plain gold for business inside Gulch. We don't pay any taxes -- no property taxes on any land inside Gulch. No sales taxes on purchase of any products from a Gulcher. If located on a river, we do not pay any tax on using the river motive power. We don't pay any taxes on any natural resources in the land (existing or discovered later). We can not pollute environment (air) to more than 1% since inception when measured at the border of Gulch, if it can be proven that pollution comes from within Gulch (and not externally). A Gulcher can study in USA only as an international student (same kind of high fees). Should the govt want to nationalize Gulch (maybe because there's a lot of oil found), it may do so with a 10 year warning, as well as it gives permission for Gulch to move to relocate to another area with natural conditions similar to those of Gulch that have been when Gulch was formed. For example, certain percent of trees, certain access to a river, etc. Gulchers have the legal right to demolish any kind of construction they have created. A Gulcher can serve in the military. In this case he does not pay the protection fee while he is serving. To avoid paying income tax, both the employee and the company must be in Gulch: We only pay income tax if we perform work for a company outside of Galts Gulch. If a company who deems to be Gulch based hires someone who resides outside of Gulch, he is required to pay income tax. I should also mention that all the other internal laws in Gulch will be laws supporting a laissez-fair capitalism model, and will not contradict any hard criminal laws in USA constitution (like laws against murder etc). USA might grant such petition for the following reasons. First, we must have a solid amount of members to be taken seriously. In the thousands, and the more the better. Second, we are proposing a form of a peaceful change or resistance. In history, every group that got any kind of autonomy, first had to go to war. However, most people today, even non-objectivists, realize that it is better to settle things without war. We will be setting a precedent, in a similar way Ghandhi did when he proposed a peaceful form of resistance. We will appeal to the American constitution, and common sense, citing examples from history of devastating wars a persecution when a group wanted to be different. For example, the early Christians pacifists, who spoke openly against Roman military policy. Or late Pagans who didn't want to convert to Christianity. Or the war for American independence, or the war between North and South. We will show that people of different views can co-exist side by side, without having to go to war. We can give this a fancy name of "Peaceful Separatism" or something like that. Third, the public will not have problem with us not paying income tax, because we are not taking anything out of the American infrastructure. The few things that we do use (military, import of goods from abroad, etc) we will pay for proportionally to what we pay now as American citizens. What do you think of the idea ? Do you want to make amendments to this list of laws ?
  5. I was asked a question on an interview, what is my favorite number. My Answer: my favorite number is 2.718 approximately. I will try to describe what it is and why it is my favorite, in the not-so-short explanation that follows. a) The exact number can't be written out explicitly, since it is irrational. I am going to call it B, and will describe how to calculate it exactly. b ) For this number B, the curve y = B^x has a rate of change curve (derivative) that is the same curve again: y = B^x. So if you start to work out a derivative of y=2.718^x, you will get again the curve y=2.718^x approximately. Here's this curve plotted: http://www.wolframal...i=y%3D2.718%5Ex You can see in a lower section on that page that the "Derivative" formula is about the same. It is y = 0.999*2.718^x. (When you multiply something by 0.999 it doesn't change much.) What is a derivative anyway, and how can I get a feel of this curve in a practical sense? Well, suppose you are driving a car and keep track of your speed by plotting a curve of how fast you were going. As well, you also plot a curve of how much gas you were using up. Gas usage has to do with how much you press on the pedal. Let's think about those two curves. Ordinarily these curves will look different. Why? Doesn't more gas mean more speed ? Yes and no. In the city when you go slow you use a lot of gas because you constantly stop and start. However, on a highway when you keep a steady high speed, you don't use much of it. So the curves for speed and gas usage will look different because you need gas to change the speed, but you don't need gas to keep the speed steady. Is it ever possible that these two curves would look the same? Yes, they would look the same if you accelerate according to the special curve with the shape y=2.718^x. Then, the speed will also change according to the same formula. This is because acceleration is a derivative of speed curve and B, approximately equal to 2.718, is a magic number for which derivative of y=B^x stays y=B^x. c) How did I find and calculate B in the first place? I assumed that such number exists for which the derivative of y=B^x still stays y=B^x. Given this assumption, I worked out a very simple Taylor series for a function f(x) = B^x. Recall that Taylor series for function "f" at center 0, is an alternative expression for this function through its derivatives. It is a sum of terms [c_k*x^k] where c_k is equal to the k-th derivative of f, evaluated at 0 and divided by k factorial. The k runs through all positive natural numbers. In our case, since the derivatives are equal to the same thing, which is B^x, and zero to any positive power is 1, it works out that the Taylor series is just a sum of terms [ x^k / k! ] for all natural numbers k. This means that at x=1, f(1) = B and B is sum of inverse of all factorials. To approximate B, I can take k up to very large numbers and then stop. That is how I figured out that B is approximately equal to 2.718. d) I also found it very convenient to calculate angles using B. First, I'm going to play a game that whenever I see (x^2 + 1) I can remove it. In other words, in this game x^2 + 1 = 0. It turns out that if I take all polynomials in x where coefficients are real numbers, then I can, sort of, work modulo (x^2+1). A random example of a kind of polynomials I am talking about is [ 7 * x^21 + 5 * x^10 + 0.333 * x^14 ]. I can add and subtract and divide these polynomials, and I just keep in mind that x^2 + 1 = 0. Working mod (x^2+1) I get a system that works in a consistent manner and I can't easily produce some kind of contradiction like 5 = 3, for example. So whenever I work, I just have to remember that I can add to any equation x^2 + 1 without changing it, cause it is equal to 0. Alternatively, if I see x^2 somewhere I can replace it with -1. This is because x^2 = x^2 + 1 - 1 = 0 - 1 = -1. Continuing with the same idea, I can replace x^3 with -x, because x^3 = x^2 * x = -x. So I can never have any integer power of x in my system since it just gets reduced to either x or -x. For convenience I will use letter "i" instead of "x", so that I can use "x" for other things. So now i^2 + 1 = 0, and "x" is unused. I can only ever see -i or i in my formulas. Of course, we must remember that this is restricted to the game of working with polynomials modulo (i^2+1). I am now going to use "i" to look at expression B^(i*a), where "a" stands for angle. It is a bit surprising to use "i" inside exponent, since our setup involved "i" only as the polynomial variable. However, since we know that B^x can be expanded in terms of power series, we will in a moment see that we get back to the polynomial domain. More precisely, in part © I got an expression for B^x in terms of power series (x^k / k!). Well, if I stick in that series formula "i*a" instead of "x" then I will get power series for B^(i*a). I am going to show in a moment that that power series is equal to a sum of two other power series, the one for cosine and the one for sine multiplied by "i". Lets work out Taylor series for sin(a) and cos(a). It is not hard to do that because the derivative of sin(a) is cos(a) and the derivative of cos(a) is -sin(a). The derivatives just alternate among themselves. Also, when we evaluate them at 0 they are going to give zeros and ones because cos(0) is 1 and sin(0) is 0. So you can imagine that we will get some kind of simple regularity in the power series. Consequently, sin(a) works out to be a simple pattern: (a - a^3/3! + a^5/5! - a^7/7! ...). You get only the odd terms since in the every other term we get sin(0) = 0. For cos(a) we get a similar expression cos(a) = 1 - a^2/2! + a^4/4! - a^6/6! ... etc. Now it is time to connect what I have been discussing. The curious thing is that B^(i*a) = cos(a) + i*sin(a). Please read this formula several times because it is a very famous one. We can verify this equality if we match up the series expressions for both sides of the equation and work out the terms, taking into account that i^2 = -1. If I replace "i" with "-i", I get B^(-i*a) = cos(a) - i*sin(a). This gives me a second formula, which together with the first can help me find a shortcuts for doing trig calculations. Lets solve for cos(a) using the two equations derived above. If the two equations are combined, the sine part cancels out and I get cos(a) = 0.5 * B^(- i*a) + 0.5 * B(i * a). This is the first shortcut formula --- it gives me a way to avoid working with cosine and instead work with exponents of B. I can get a similar formula for sine, by subtracting the two equations and getting: sin(a) = 0.5 * B^(- i*a) - 0.5*B^(i*a). In conclusion, I have two formulas that enable me to make shortcut calculations with sine and cosine. I just turn them into exponents using B with above two formulas, and use basic algebra to simplify expressions before I turn them back into real cosine and sine. It turns out to be pretty useful trick, especially for integration of trigonometric expressions. Too bad I didn't know about it when I was in grade 11 high-school, and had to make trig calculations. e) For a special angle a = Pi, since sin(Pi) = 0, and cos(Pi) = -1, and using formula B^(i*a) = cos(a) + i*sin(a), I get equation B^(i*Pi) = -1. If I move the -1 to the left side, I get a pretty formula B^(i*Pi) + 1 = 0. Why do I find the formula B^(i*Pi) + 1 = 0 pretty ? Well, because it has cool numbers in it. B is a cool number that we have been discussing all along, and which I claim to be my favorite. The number "i" is the one that we invented and is not really a number, since in our game we have i^2 = -1. That means that "i" can't be any real number, since any real negative number, when squared must be positive. Remember the rule that negative times negative equals positive. So the thing "i" is imaginary, but it helps in calculation of real functions like sine and cosine. Some people believe that "i" is not an abstract number but actually exists in nature, inside atoms. In any case, we can interpret the non-real nature of "i" in the same way as we think of the non-real nature of negative numbers -- negative numbers don't exist in nature, everything you could measure is a positive thing (time, distance, weight, etc). However, we have learned to understand that negative numbers represent an intermediate step in calculation, and once we use them or interpret them properly, we get back positive numbers. For example, a negative temperature of -3 degrees Celsius is really a positive quantity because we assumed that 0 Celsius is 273 degrees of true temperature in Kelvin. If we interpret the negative sign of -3 degrees Celsius according to its meaning and assumptions, we would get +270 kelvin. In a similar fashion, we try to think of "i" as intermediate step in calculation or representation. When final answers are needed we expect that "i" will magically cancel out. Unfortunately, this does not happen for quantum physicists. The "i" doesn't cancel out and they are forced to conclude that "i" really exists. However, since quantum physics and relativity theory are still in contradiction, we may assume there's a mistake somewhere so "i" may not be a real thing after all. The number "1" is also a great number, since it is the main building block to make all other natural numbers. Just add many ones enough times to get any natural number. Actually, 1 is a representative of a "block", because we like to group things into blocks or units. When moving apartments, we put all our stuff into boxes, so that we can just count the boxes, and not the individual items. Also, all measurements and prices are given in terms of 1: price per 1 pound, meters per 1 second. Another example is price per square meter for ceramic tile. If 1 ceramic tile is 50 centimeter wide, then 4 of them arranged in a square make 1 square meter. From this point, we can work with a unit of 1 square meter and forget that 4 ceramic tiles go into it. For example, we can convert between square meters and square feet directly, without considering that there are 4 ceramic tiles in there, or that an integer amount of tiles doesn't fit into 1 square foot. This is important, since in Canada price is given per 1 square foot, however, for me it is much easier to measure out my apartment in meters and centimeters. So, we can conclude that 1 is a very basic, natural, and important number. Now we get to the number "0" that shows up in that formula. The number "0" was the last number invented or discovered. It is different from all other numbers since it has a property of uniqueness: 1 apple is not equal to 1 plum, but 0 apples is equal to 0 plums. It was discovered when people tried to calculate the number of years that has passed between 1 BC and 1 AD. It is actually two years, and not 1 year. Clearly, something must be in the middle, and that is 0. The invention of 0 also gave the ability to solve equations by moving stuff from one side to the other. As well, it gave us a positional number system that we use today: ... 100, 10, 0.1, 0.01 ... etc. This positional system is the foundation of the binary, octal, and hexadecimal system that allows us to program computers by working with two voltage levels, represented by "off" and "on". The zeros in 1000 represent empty buckets into which blocks of different amounts can be placed. Conversion between different position systems, is arranged by relabeling those boxes and making more or less of them, adjusting whats in them accordingly. So to conclude, 0 is an important number. The last number in the formula that we haven't talked about is Pi. Well, Pi is a famous number. It was first observed that in any circle the ratio between its circumference and diameter is the same. If you make the circle bigger, both the diameter and the circumference grow by just the right amount so that if one is divided by the other, you get the same number, about 3.14. During the last 10 thousand years every civilization tried to calculate this number as precisely as possible. Today we can calculate it to thousands of digits, but as this number is irrational it can't be written out precisely in full. It can also be approximated as power series, just as well as B, of course, with a few math tricks. Unfortunately, two thousand years ago those tricks were still unknown, and those people had a hard time figuring Pi out. That is why we can link historic scientific development with how many digits of Pi were known at that time. Pi is now used to measure angles in radians. Imagine, cutting an extra-large pizza with a diameter of two feet into four slices, so that one slice is a quarter of a circle. The round edge of the pizza slice is a quarter of the circumference, which is Pi * D / 4, because Pi * D is the circumference of the whole pizza. In a circle with diameter equal to 2 this works out to be Pi / 2. Thus, it is taken that 90 degrees (a quarter of a circle) corresponds to the angle of Pi /2 radians. The reason that using Pi is better than using degrees, is because taking that a circle has 360 degrees, is a rather arbitrary thing -- we could have taken the circle to have 400 degrees for example, so that a quarter would be 100 degrees. Alternatively, working with radians represents a true property of a circle that the diameter and the circumference are related in their sizes in a fixed ratio. This turned out to make all the math formulas that use Pi to work better, rather than if they used degrees. You can see how Pi get's into all the math formulas, since cos(Pi) = 0, and sin(Pi) = 1, and cos(a) = sin(Pi - a) for any angle, and we can expand sin(Pi - a) in terms of individual angles of Pi and a, through working with shortcut formula worked out in part (d). As well, many shapes have areas and volumes that can be expressed with Pi. For example, the volume of a sphere (our Earth) is 4/3 * Pi * r^3, where r is the radius, which for Earth is about 6370 km. The radius of Earth was calculated by measuring the shade length from two posts located far apart, at the same time. This calculation was done by Eratosthenes, an ancient greek librarian of the Alexandria, who knew that Earth is round and that sun's rays arrive parallel to each other, because the sun is so far. Knowing the radius of Earth also gives a way to calculate the length of the equator, which turns about to be about 40 thousand kilometers. Too bad that with the rise of Christian religion the knowledge that Earth was round was lost, and was replaced by the belief that the Earth is flat.So you can agree with me that Pi is a pretty important number, and probably most widely known special number in math. I'd like to conclude that I really like the number B = 2.718.... As I have shown, it leads to very useful and unusual formulas, one of which brings together many important numbers in mathematics: i, Pi, 0, 1. Please note that most people don't use the letter B for the number 2.718. I leave it to you to find out what is the standard letter. It plays an important role in many other formulas and applications an mathematics, physics and engineering.
  6. Boris Rarden

    Coffee

    I think that now your require several cups a day to stay well for the reasons outlined in my article, described fully in the reference How Stuff Works article. The fact that you may sleep like a baby while consuming a lot of coffee may mean that reacts to coffee and induced adrenaline better than an average person, however, the essence of the biological process described still happens. Or would you say that as a result of coffee your pupils don't dilate, blood veins are not shrinking and adrenaline is not released ? I doubt that, but I am sure that there can be an easily administered and conclusive test that you can do, after you drink coffee. For pupils, just look at the mirror. For blood veins, maybe measure the blood pressure. I'm not a medic, just thinking logically.
  7. Is the world continuous ? I mean, is there say a distance of length 2*Pi actually ? I'm thinking here of the circle with radius of 1 meter, whose perimeter mathematically is 2*Pi. If the smallest unit of length is Plank's distance 'h', then are we to assume that the circle as is actually "pixelated" ? Could the smallest amount of matter be 'h', but we could still think of half of 'h' ? Suppose that you answer "yes", distance is discreet, in steps of 'h'. What about 'time' ? Does this also imply that we can not think of continuous time, because time is only a record of movement of objects? Zeno's paradoxes in fact criticize both views of continuity and discreetness of time. Quote from http://cerebro.xu.edu/math/math147/02f/zeno/zenonotes.html
  8. Boris Rarden

    Coffee

    I have written an article against coffee. http://rarden.blogspot.ca/2011/10/addiction.html
  9. Hello, I am a developer of the website Propster.me, mentioned here already. This is a separate post to tell you about a feature I called bitcookies. It is a kind of ad-hoc invite code that does not require posting a url. You can use to publicly give money (tips) to people on forums. It is described here: https://propster.me/...kie/forums.html Thanks, Boris
  10. Boris Rarden

    Public tip jar for street musicians

    Hello, I have recorded these musicians on the street. Many of them I don't know how to contact, but I know where they (used-to) play. Maybe some of you have seen them. I have created public tip jars for them. If we can collect a good amount of money in them, it will be worth the effort to find these people and deliver it. https://propster.me/...utube.com/watch More street musicians: https://propster.me/...rummer ensemble How many times have you walked by a street musician, and wish you could give him props in a better way than a quarter? Propster is exactly like that, it is money + social. I sometimes give to good street musicians $5, and once I gave a $20. But it would be much better if 100 people would give 20 cents, because it creates advertising and these 100 will bring a thousand. I have received thousands of likes on these youtube videos, if everyone gave a little something it would be some real money and motivation for these musicians not to take a 9-to-5 but produce more wonderful music. Boris
  11. Boris Rarden

    Computer Generated Music by Wolfram

    Steven Wolfram surprises us again, this time with Computer Generated Music. Note: At the following link you will also see a tip jar toolbar from Propster.me. I am the creator of that website. If you like what Wolfram did, leave a tip in a public tipjar, and Propster will deliver the tips to Wolfram. https://propster.me/v/0c84kdj/tones.wolfram.com
  12. Boris Rarden

    Computer Generated Music by Wolfram

    Computer Generated Music does not mean that there is no places for humans in music. It just makes music even more creative and accessible, and makes finding new ideas more frequent. Every musical genre is a simple idea developed further by people, but finding that idea is the hard part.
  13. Boris Rarden

    Rutgers Objectivist Club

    Tell your Vancouver buddies about objectivism-Vancouver meetup
  14. Boris Rarden

    ARI Canada

    I have started a meetup group in Vancouver Canada: Meetup.com/objectivism-vancouver looking forward to new members. We got 17 now.
  15. Boris Rarden

    Public tip jars for Peikoff, TOS, and Alex Epstein

    To some extend that is already in the FAQ, but I will add to it what you have said as well. Thanks for the input. You are right that a person may refuse to collect the money for some reason, and the balance can be greater than a dollar.
  16. Hi, I have made a website on which everyone can create a tip jar for anyone. I have created four tip jars: Peikoff, for his Q&A podcasts: https://propster.me/tipjar/0c7s2ug The Objective Standard, for their great free podcasts and articles, and even previews. https://propster.me/tipjar/0c7s2y4 Alex Epstein for his podcasts on the fallacy of Green Energy: https://propster.me/tipjar/0c7s2o0 Here's one for ObjectivismOnline.net, as well ! https://propster.me/tipjar/0C7S3I9 The site speaks both USD Paypal, and Bitcoin. You can create more tip jars, for the kind of stuff that you like. The name "Propster" is something I thought a lot about. The site was originally called Online-TipJar, but I want to get away from the word "tip". I'm using the word "props", which stands for "proper respect". I think that word captures better the essence of why I'd want to contribute money to great projects/achievements on the net. Please use Feedback for requesting features. Boris
  17. Boris Rarden

    Public tip jars for Peikoff, TOS, and Alex Epstein

    Hi, Nicky: That is a good point, I haven't thought about. It is hard for me to imagine a case where it would not be possible to deliver the money. Most people have a way to contact them. And in the case that I can't deliver, the money is either returned back, or given to Wikipedia when donations are anonymous. I am not sure there needs to be any additional workflow. I am excited to announce a new feature: Preview with a Tip Jar toolbar. Example: Peikoff website with a Tip Jar toolbar https://propster.me/preview/0c7s2ug Another example with screenshot: https://propster.me/tipjar/0c7sve2
  18. http://opensourceecology.org/wiki/Crash_course_on_OSE "We are building the Global Village Construction Set (GVCS) – a low-cost, high-performance, open source, DIY platform that allows for the easy fabrication of the 50 industrial machines that it takes to build a small civilization with modern comforts." What do you think of this project ? What about the fact that this is open-source, and not done as a business ?
  19. Boris Rarden

    Toolset to build a village

    I know many developers who have day jobs, where they do really boring work, and when they come home they start a project on Git Hub, where they try to be creative. But even those projects on GitHub are just small improvements on something that already exists. For example, a CMS system, or some javascript library, or some game, or Arduino (programming little robots). Lets concentrate, for a moment, on Arduino. Why is it so popular ? Because hobbyist want to do with physical things what they have done with computers. Many of today startups are created by hobbyists that learned to program in their teens. Those teens learned it for fun, not for a job.
  20. Boris Rarden

    Toolset to build a village

    These blue prints will enable hobbyist to get into this stuff, and stop programming computers for the sake of programming, but now, programming to run these external tools. Eventually, there will be enough of these hobbyist who will begin to form into startup companies, repeating the .com boom, and more recently, the bitcoin boom, but this time in hardware. It is true that technology exists today in big companies, which are opened by especially talented business men, not tech people. Here is an analogy from Atlas Shrugged: The emloyees in Galts Gulch all had a side startup business, doing something with hardware. Ore mining, or something like that. When a simplest machine costs today 100 times the cost of a computer-only startup, most smart people do projects on a side that are isolated to the computer field. (Or, affiliate marketing, still computers, the internet). The geeks want to expand their domain. When more people start to tinker, not only more startups will be greated, but more great inventions will come. Big companies are good at what they do, but they are slow to move and switch directions. In one word, I'd sum it up as having FUN!
  21. Boris Rarden

    Hello from a creator of a TipJar

    I have reworked the design of the project and changed the name to Propster: https://propster.hypervolume.com/
  22. Hello, My name is Boris, and Rarden is my fake last-name that I decided to use on the internet. The website www.online-tipjar.com is my startup idea - it is a donation service that allows you to show support for good things that people do. Examples are free software, support forums, free podcasts, etc. I have created a tipjar also for this forum: http://www.online-tipjar.com/tipjar/objectivism-online The advantage of using my service is that using one account you can tip many different projects, and each tip can be as small as a penny. I also support Bitcoin, which I believe is equivalent to the gold standard. My background: By training I'm a software developer. I am an amateur sax player, and like jazz. In classical music I like Rachmaninov, and agree with Ayn Rand's estimation of his music. I have read Atlas Shrugged and "Capitalism: The Unknown Ideal". I have questions, mostly related to the implementation. Many of these questions are being discussed on this forum, and I'm very to happy to become one of its members. I have read Tolstoy and Dostoevsky, and don't agree with Ayn Rand's criticism. For example, in War and Peace there is a similar situation as was with Hank, Galt and Dagny, when Rostov finally picks his love. Tolstoy's idea that one man can't make a difference is not related to philosophy and science, it is related to a leader of people. He says that whatever philosophy people have -- thats the kind of leader they would choose, if majority rule is in effect. I'm also not clear on the issue of democracy and majority rule. What would be the process of "hiring" goverenment officials into the government, under perfect captilism ? Happy to join your community, Boris Rarden
  23. Boris Rarden

    Toolset to build a village

    A petition to start an independent village: http://forum.objectivismonline.com/index.php?showtopic=23489
  24. Hi, There is a lot of cheap land on sale today. You can get 40 acres for under 20,000$, or 2 acres for under $5000. Just search for "land" on eBay! Here's one: http://www.ebay.com/itm/Oregon-Mountain-Land-48-acres-Klamath-County?item=320874231090&cmd=ViewItem However, the land at such low prices will be far from a big city (1 day-s drive). If I buy such land, I wouldn't be able to be there on "weekends", but it will be a month a year type of thing. On this land I could build a factory that produces a product. I could build the DIY machines according to http://opensourceecology.org/ Eventually, whatever I do build on that land will have a value, and the product I make could sell to make profit. Perhaps, if it is successful, we could attract more people, and slowly grow a little factory town. Alternatively, we can organize a base-camp once a year to bring objectivists together, and/or hobbyist to build DIY stuff. We won't be able to absolutely hide ourselves from the "moochers" and the "looters", but the remoteness will help. What I am looking for: - someone who wants to have a physical sandbox to be creative in. (The physical analog of what a computer provides to hobby programmers). - someone to develop the plan with of where to buy the land startegically, and the options what to do with it. - design it so that it is not a burden but free of insane costs (example: if there is a high property tax, it should be split among enough members so that it is not hard to pay). Boris
  25. Boris Rarden

    Partner for Galts Gulch (cheap remote land)

    Take a look: http://forum.objectivismonline.com/index.php?showtopic=23489
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