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Grames

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  1. Physical ought to mean merely causal for the philosophically minded, or else one run's the risk of committing oneself to dictating what the ontology of the universe is from a bedroom or porcelain throne based on a non-physicist understanding of physics.
  2. Location (x,y,z,t) only exists because of whatever is there.
  3. Space-time is not merely a relationship, it is an existent in itself. For all we know it may even be compound existent, made of more fundamental existents. Wikipedia can provide an introduction to the topic with the article Zero-point Energy .
  4. Space-time has measurable attributes in addition to curvature. If it has attributes then it is an existent. Space-time is not a type of nothing, nor is it a discrete entity.
  5. "Empty space" does indeed have attributes. The permittivity of free space is a physical constant relating to an electric field's ability to spread through empty space. The permeability of free space is a physical constant relating to a magnetic field's ability to spread through empty space. It just so happens that the speed of light, sometimes itself regarded as an independent physical constant, is actually predicted and calculated as the inverse of the square root of the product of the permittivity (Greek epsilon )and permeability (Greek mu). In the equation below the subscript 0 denotes the attribute of empty space. Space filled with some other material will have different values and a different propagation speed of light. c0=1/√μ0ε0 Space is not empty.
  6. The common thread between socialism and communism and fascism (and modern leftism) is identity politics. Whether that politics is based on economic class or race it is still determinism. A proper nationalism would not be predicated on a culture or tradition or politics of determinism.
  7. Collectivism is technically better, but who goes around calling himself a collectivist? It's an abstraction. Identifying fascists as socialists calls attention to the common elements and shared history and tactics. There were street battles between communists and fascists in Weimar Germany because they both HAD paramilitary gangs planned for use in their anticipated revolutions. What variable underlying nationalism could vary up to "extremism" (which is itself an anti-concept dissected by Rand, so you aren't thinking clearly if you take that seriously). Nazi-ism incorporated racism. But if nationalism is equated with racism then nationalism is a redundant concept. Nations can adopt individuals of other races so nationalism is not racism. The different aesthetics are unimportant distractions, highly inessential, not fundamental toward any conclusion. In modern vocabulary it is just branding. On what basis do you find them to be important?
  8. I emphatically disagree. He does not know what he is talking about. It is demonstrably false that the only information is semantic information since Shannon published in 1948. Denying nonsemantic information is as absurd as denying evolution, or more absurd since he uses the internet everyday.
  9. more on Hitler as socialist George Watson was the author of The Lost Literature of Socialism published in 1998. A short article on the book by Anthony Flew appears on the fee.org website at https://fee.org/articles/the-lost-literature-of-socialism/ . A longer article by George Watson more specifically directed at Hitler as Marxist appears at Hitler and the Socialist Dream.
  10. With the new conceptual framework of information theory even mental phenomena can now be included with the category of "physical reality". The distinction between the external world and the content of consciousness is still important for epistemology, but not for metaphysics and ontology.
  11. In the sense that the transformation from the regular internationalist socialist vision of revolution which is to benefit the working class into a fascist vision of a revolution within one country to benefit that country is a simple "search and replace" operation of "international working class" (or also "proletariat") with "YOUR COUNTRY HERE". The "international class struggle" becomes a "struggle between nations". The call for dictatorship, the political correctness, the moralizing consequentialism which excuses every barbarity, everything is the same. Even so-called distinguishing factors such as militarism and emotional patriotism are not distinguishing at all: there has never been a socialist regime which was commonly acknowledged as not fascist which did not also glamorize military force and Stalin had to resort to propaganda that exhorted the protection of the Motherland rather than stale abstract refrains about the world's workers. Even Hitlers racism can be understood as just a recast version of the tactic of extolling the supposed virtues of the proletariat over the bourgeoisie. "Bourgeoisie" is a word retained and as frequently used by fascists to identify a common enemy as the socialists and communists used it. Nationalism as political philosophy does not call for a "struggle between nations".
  12. "Doesn't really seem" is a hedging phrase indicating that you don't actually know. Fascism is fully and completely socialist, having been born in socialist theory. Every domestic policy of fascist theory is a socialist policy. The theoretical distinction that Hitler and Stalin fought over was whether or not socialism was necessarily globalist or could proceed one nation at a time. Stalin denounced everyone not toeing the globalist line as a rightist, but it is not actually a fundamental difference.
  13. National socialism is fascism. Wheres the contradiction?
  14. The centrality of individual rights as an organizing principle in the conduct of government is itself an aspect of a culture only few nations have ever possessed.
  15. National socialism is not a type of nationalism, it is a type of socialism. It was a necessary idea because socialist theory called for the whole world to rebel in unison, but some people didn't want to wait for Brazil and India to be industrialized to the same point of "late-stage capitalism" as Germany. So "socialism for one country" was invented. Socialist nationalism is not a type of nationalism because socialism requires wars of conquest to finance the pyramid scheme.
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