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Grames last won the day on October 13

Grames had the most liked content!

About Grames

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  1. Well, yes. Otherwise you are partaking in gossip. The hiring of hitmen, fleeing the country and the fraud arrest are reliable facts (as far as I have followed this thread). That counts as evidence and therefore some degree of proof exists toward a negative evaluation. Is there anything even remotely approaching that degree of criminality in Trump's life?
  2. Why does a moral judgement require an emotional expression? Is it not possible to identify good and evil objectively?
  3. Funny how no one can ever seem to prove these crimes or major moral transgressions. If the reason they are never proven is that they never happened then he is justified in claiming to be the target of a witch hunt. Given the intense scrutiny he now lives under and the annual IRS audits he has had for years given the complexity and large sums involved in his annual tax filings, it seems like a conspiracy theory to presume Trump is getting away with anything at all.
  4. Context: WaPo Changes Al-Baghdadi Headline Several Times Amid 'Religious Scholar' Debacle WaPo changed their headline on this story 2 times. The first revision removed reference to him being a terrorist. The second revision removed his affiliation with religion. In the final headline Baghdadi was merely an "extremist leader" of ISIS. Yeah, let's not make hasty moral judgements. Or any judgements at all, apparently. But this stance is not sincere, it is merely adopted for the moment when Trump might have an unambiguously positive headline. Social justice and Trump resistance can't exist without moralizing judgment. The point of the post and the meme is that it does no favors for Muslims to describe a vicious terrorist as a scholar of Islam. It leads one to think "Why, if more Muslims actually did the reading assignment maybe they would be terrorists too!" This whole episode highlights yet another example of evading the real issue, Islamic terrorism. The policy of avoiding showing pictures or listing names of regular criminals as well as terrorists is more of the same evading. Institutions of media, government and academia have decided that some facts should not be noticed.
  5. Washington Post being very subversive today with their headline announcing the ISIS leader's death.
  6. Ok, what about the other half? Relate to "standard of value" as Rand used it. (This would be an example of integrating your knowledge, as discussed in another thread).
  7. Why don't you start by reconciling the concept of "standard" and what it refers to in the phrase "standard of value" and your use of the same word and what it refers to in your phrase "a standard of its flourishing".
  8. It is an essay posing the question or problem in the title and then answering it in the negative. I was wondering myself why he would argue such a thing but then he turned it around. Got any links to interesting examples?
  9. Yes, that was a kind of typo. Peikoff's "inductive proof of causality" is the subject under discussion. Yes, and by the way proof is also a method of integration because what is proved is related to other knowledge. Yes, the fact that you can contemplate the axioms and relate them to each other is a form of integration even though Peikoff would deny there is proof or derivation or deduction happening. The order of Existence, Identity, and Consciousness has methodological (epistemological) significance in order to affirm Primacy of Existence and deny Primacy of Consciousness, but each is a mentally abstracted facet of existence which exhibits all three simultaneously. Causality merely appears to come "after" Identity in that it is easier to understand or imagine some object as static and then add the dynamics but in reality everything that exists is always acting (even if slowly). Understanding Identity as static omits the greater part of an existent's Identity, how it acts.
  10. Horizontal integration should be performed with more than just one other concept. Ideally it would be done with every other concept one held. But who has time for that? So this is a task that is never fully completed, it can only be partially completed. Still, some of those pairwise selections H(A,B) would be better than others, better in being not trivial and potentially revealing obscured contradictions. Possibly some heuristic could be invented for selecting two different concepts (or given one, find another) that would have the most potentially fruitful result. I would think something about the concepts being "far apart" would be one good metric to employ. Your 2) V(A,C) AND V(B,C) is merely one way to go about performing H(A,B). I don't know of other methods and don't want to commit to ruling out the possibility of there being others. So I can't actually answer this question.
  11. Well, no. The point of doing a horizontal integration is to make your knowledge a noncontradictory unity. The two reductions don't themselves rule out the possibility of a contradiction. It is good to be able to reduce a concept, and is a requirement of a well formed concept, but it could still be in contradiction to some other concept. Consider the recent memewar entrant "Islam is right about women". This is an attempt to provoke horizontal integration in the reader. It is quite possible for some feminist to able to identify Islam without actually knowing all of the attributes of the religion. It is possible to have a concept but have it ordered around nonessentials. To feminists, Islam and muslims are simply a non-white and non-christian ally in the fight against the white christian patriarchal power structure of America and the whole western tradition. As one of the Abrahamic religions it is in fact patriarchal also, vehemently so when compared to Christianity. The feminist concept of Islam is apparently no more than that group of people who claim to be muslims, and a feminist would reduce the concept to its referents and stop. Horizontal integration is need to provoke the feminist into realizing this level of concept formation about Islam is inadequate.
  12. Remember that question you started with. the about Peikoff's so-called (at the time) proof of induction? It is no proof but it does serve as a nifty horizontal integration. Higher level concepts can be related and integrated with two vertical integrations to something in common, but that is not applicable to axioms and first level concepts. Horizontal integration also refers to checking for noncontradiction. Noncontradiction always applies and is the chief means by which we become suspicious of perceptual illusions. Technically existence comes before identity. But the placement of existence as prior to identity (the "primacy of existence principle" is not derived or proven, because it too is part of the mechanics that make logic and proof possible.
  13. He is saying that it is no proof. Causality is axiomatic, and axioms are not proven. His given motivation for this correction was to combat rationalism. Rationalism is word-thinking rather than concept-thinking (my description). Vertical integration is when one relates a higher level concept to a lower level concept, possibly through additional concepts in between them, by demonstrating the hierarchical dependency of one upon the other. Horizontal integration is performed between two concepts that are not hierarchically dependent upon each other. They can be related through some other concept(s) are are hierarchically prior to both, and they should not contradict each other directly or indirectly.
  14. You said it was a sign. Being tangible is an attribute of such an object. If you want to proceed with your silly hypothetical, call it something else to avoid me calling attention to all those other attributes you did not want to think about.
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