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dream_weaver

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  1. This is from the first night of the '76 lecture series: There are various areas of human endeavor where under certain circumstances it’s practical to accept the advice of an expert, and declare: "he knows best—this is not my field". But you cannot do it in philosophy. And this is so even if you found a certified, completely rational expert. It would be useless, for instance, to turn even to such an expert and say to him, I need a philosophy, you’re an expert, so I’m asking you, should I for instance be selfish? Just tell me, yes or no, so I can act. I haven’t time for discussion and proofs, just give me answer. Now that expert could just say, well that’s easy, just be selfish, and then leave the room, but would that do you any good? After all he told you the truth, but what else would you need? Now, just in pattern, just to give you a taste of what would be involved, just one example. You’d need to know what selfishness is. That would be very helpful. And how do you apply such a wide abstraction in particular in real life situations? And to be selfish, does that mean do whatever you feel? If so, what do you do if your feelings are irrational and clash with other people, and how do you know what’s rational anyway? And who can say how another man should live? Maybe what’s true for the expert, isn’t true for you. Or is truth objective, or what is truth? What is objectivity? And what’s the use? How do you know if you can achieve your goals in this kind of a world, so is there any point to being selfish, or what kind of world is it anyway? And if everyone was selfish, wouldn’t that mean cut-throat competition, and dog-eat-dog, and child labor? And how do you know the answer to all these questions, by what method of knowledge, etc. Now that’s just a taste, a sample of the pattern. The point is you need to know it all—the whole system, not on faith. Faith doesn’t work. It’s useless, even if what you have faith in happens to be true. You need to know it all firsthand with objective proof of each point on strictly practical grounds, to make use of it, to function, to live. In answer to the question: Does one have to create one's own philosophy?, the answer is no. Without validation, however, it is useless.
  2. dream_weaver

    Why follow reason?

    Nothing, I'm pro-reason. "[R]eason", according to Ayn Rand, "is not an axiomatic, but a complex, derivative concept". In the same paragraph she heeds against inquiring about a stand on the validity of reason. (Last paragraph of chapter 6 in Introduction to Objectivist Epistemology.) If the objective is to assess the rationality of Objectivism or of Ayn Rand, examine them for cracks in their foundation.
  3. dream_weaver

    Why follow reason?

    @sjw, What, if anything, would you propose using in lieu of reason?
  4. dream_weaver

    Why follow reason?

    From Hellenistic History and Culture: The reapers in Idyll 10 are a gruff, perhaps elderly workman called Milon, given to coarse rustic proverbs, and a lovestruck young man, Boukaïos, whose name suggests a cowman and his song: in the Iliad Hector uses it as an insult to Ajax, as Antinoös does to Iros in the Odyssey. Homer says βουγάïος, not βουκάïος, and the two citations confirm one another, but the difference of spelling is nothing. It is typical of the freakish pedantry of the Alexandrians to use a Homeric word in a corrected form. Bougaïos or Boukaïos has fallen for the girl from Hippokion's farm, the daughter of Polybotas, who must be a farm slave if not a wage laborer. She plays the flute for the reapers, and Milon's advice about her is “Take what you want and pay for it.” Boukaïos sings a song about love: If the translation of Milon's advice is accurate, it provides a source of the citation of greater antiquity than the 1920's. To know how or why, or even if, this is true, is hardly axiomatic. As was pointed out in Introduction To Objectivist Epistemology "reason" is "a complex, derivative concept." This translation of the Tenth Idyll of The Idylls of Theokritus provides Milon as having said: "God finds out the guilty. You've been asking for it."
  5. dream_weaver

    Why follow reason?

    "Take what you want and pay for it." Found this on The Straight Dope: It appears in Agatha Christie's 1938 novel Hercule Poirot's Christmas It is also presented in 1920 in The University of the State of New York Bulletin: Sixty-First Convocation Proceedings There is an old Persian proverb which runs: The Gods said to the mortals, "Take what you want and pay for it." In other words, the choice of your life is yours, but the resulting success or failure, happiness or misery accompanying the choice is yours also.
  6. If memory serves me correctly, one of the tie-ins he made was to consciousness in general, and another to the terms of order/disorder as being epistemological.
  7. In Selected Topics in the Philosophy of Science, Harry Binswanger provided a more useful thumbnail sketch of entropy. Not knowing the fuller context of the book, from this excerpt, Mr. Locke introduced a topic in this that legitimately raised more questions than he answered. To the broader question on the table, it does not jog an particular recollection from my cross section of readings/listenings.
  8. dream_weaver

    Race Realism

    Considering some other points that have been made in this thread, the concept of race, as both presented and elaborated upon by the OP, has not been verified satisfactorily either.
  9. dream_weaver

    Race Realism

    The question is inverted. What guidance does the philosophy of Objectivism offer for ascertaining the validity of concepts? What guidance does the philosophy of Objectivism offer for determining the veracity of propositions?
  10. dream_weaver

    Race Realism

    The differences being alluded to here are still only correlation. While acknowledging the presence of race, it doesn't affect the whole society, per se, it affects and effects individuals within society who individually attach different significance to race. The collective assessment is much more difficult to isolate, given other factors that influence individuals as well.
  11. dream_weaver

    Race Realism

    Here's a paragraph from Anthem: At first, man was enslaved by the gods. But he broke their chains. Then he was enslaved by the kings. But he broke their chains. He was enslaved by his birth, by his kin, by his race. But he broke their chains. He declared to all his brothers that a man has rights which neither god nor king nor other men can take away from him, no matter what their number, for his is the right of man, and there is no right on earth above this right. And he stood on the threshold of the freedom for which the blood of the centuries behind him had been spilled. What manner of speaking is this? What is it (i.e.; what does she mean) for man to be enslaved by his race? Or perhaps you would prefer her usage of the term "race" in The Only Path to Tomorrow, or her articles Racism or Global Balkanization from The New Left: The Anti-Industrial Revolution?
  12. dream_weaver

    Oldest Known Human Construction Site

    The Theopetra Cave and the Oldest Human Construction in the World The Theopetra Cave is an archaeological site located in Meteora, in the central Greek region of Thessaly. . . . . The World’s Oldest Wall Another fascinating find from the Theopetra Cave is the remains of a stone wall that once partially closed off the entrance of the cave. These remains were discovered in 2010, and using a relatively new method of dating known as Optically Stimulated Luminescence, scientists were able to date this wall to around 23000 years old. . . . . This predates the world's oldest temple, Göbekli Tepe, by 11000 years.
  13. dream_weaver

    Fact sometimes stranger than fiction.

    Romanian Court Rejects Man’s Claim That He’s Alive BUCHAREST, Romania — A Romanian court has rejected a man’s claim that he is alive after his wife officially registered him as dead, saying that the decision cannot be reversed. A spokeswoman for the court told local news outlets on Friday that the man, Constantin Reliu, 63, lost his case in the northeast city of Vasului because he had appealed too late. The ruling is final. Should he have filed an extention?
  14. Great line from the recently released movie Justice League:
    "Darkness, the truest darkness, is not the absence of light. It is the conviction that the light will never return."

  15. dream_weaver

    The Most Dangerous Game

    The depths of the ocean. The summits of the mountains. Two metaphors for two perspectives. Plunging to the depths of, or rising to the heights of a profound understanding of something. In these particular two scenarios described, John Galt did not return. One provided a sight, such, that he could no longer wish to look at the rest of the earth. The other provided the realization that what he wanted to bring down to men couldn't be brought down. The variation on the myth of Prometheus provides another clue, albeit one partially withdrawn. "John Galt is Prometheus who changed his mind. After centuries of being torn by vultures in payment for having brought to men the fire of the gods, he broke his chains and he withdrew his fire—until the day when men withdraw their vultures." There's either an equivocation, a faux pas, or another alternative going on from between the 'fire of the gods' to where he 'withdrew his fire'. Grant you, a precedence for altering myths was, indeed, previously established in an earlier chapter:: "The Immovable Movers." [Richard Halley] had changed the ancient Greek myth to his own purpose and meaning: Phaëthon, the young son of Helios, who stole his father's chariot and, in ambitious audacity, attempted to drive the sun across the sky, did not perish, as he perished in the myth; in Halley's opera, Phaëthon succeeded. Gotta love the stuff enigma's can be forged from.
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