Tracinski states, This is not what Ayn Rand says in her essay "The Ethics of Emergencies". The essay begins with her asking us to consider the implications of someone who begins their approach to the subject of ethics with lifeboat scenarios - which she regards as a disintegrated, malevolent, and basically altruistic approach to the subject, that cannot ultimately yield a rational system of ethics. She did not say that lifeboat scenarios are "irrelevant", that they are the 0.01