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Everything posted by merjet

  1. Allowing for translation from Greek to English, that is true, although Aristotle did write about will. About what we call volition, Aristotle expressed his ideas in terms of voluntary, deliberation and choice. Most of what he wrote about these is in Book III of Nicomachean Ethics -- Chapter 1 for voluntary and Chapters 3-5 for deliberation and choice. The full text can be seen at multiple places on the Internet. One is http://classics.mit.edu/Aristotle/nicomachaen.html.
  2. Stephen Boydstun and I have different views of "measurement omission" in Ayn Rand's theory of concepts. My article titled 'Omissions and Measurement' was published in The Journal of Ayn Rand Studies Vol. 7, No. 2 (Spring 2006). It can be read online for free here at JSTOR.org. Ayn Rand wrote, "A concept is a mental integration of two or more units possessing the same distinguishing characteristic(s), with their particular measurements omitted" (ITOE 13, Expanded Second Edition, paperback). This implies that all differences between between/among members of a particular concept are on
  3. http://rebirthofreason.com/Articles/Jetton/Scope_of_Volition.shtml
  4. China's government's view of cryptocurrency || Truth versus image-making
  5. Thanks for the reminder. This topic is made difficult by "interest" having several definitions and people using it in such a wide variety of ways. Also, what counts as interest within the phrase "conflict of interest" is also very diverse, even among OO members. As I said here the one somewhat common meaning of the phrase is not the least bit recognized in Ayn Rand's essay. It seems she took it for granted there is a widely-used, common meaning for the phrase. Obviously there is no such thing.
  6. I would like to have read a little beyond what Stephen excerpted from A Companion to Ayn Rand. However, I don't own the book and I can't see the rest of page 172 using Amazon's 'Look Inside' feature. I made two examples on this thread that presume rational men, but a conflict of some kind arises between them. Wright says that Rand does not deny the potential for setbacks and disappointment. Does Wright say anything next about when such potentials become actual? The two examples I gave are exactly that. A conflict of some sort arose, whether or not one chooses to call it a "conflict of int
  7. Crypto Fearmongers Get Pushback From Former CIA Director || Turkey bans crypto payments
  8. How so? I didn't make the example until page 4.
  9. Huh? The buyer I described is not playing victim; he is a real victim. The buyer is not making a scapegoat. Assume the buyer had to pay a higher price to somebody else to obtain the supply he had contracted for with the supplier. Do you consider the buyer irrational to (a) ask the supplier to make up for such price difference or (b) believe the supplier should have met the terms of the contract by buying from somebody else? I do believe there are too many laws. On the other hand, lawyers aren't merely for the purpose of representing a plaintiff or defendant after a dispute arises. They m
  10. Prove it with an exact citation. Her words, not yours.
  11. Suppose all that Buyer B wants from Supplier S is some monetary compensation for having to pay somebody else a higher price or not being able to get enough supply, but Supplier S won't pay. Then which one do you believe is irrational and hence only "supposedly" rational?
  12. The term "harmony of interest" has been used at least since Adam Smith (link). I don't know why Rand did not use it instead of "no conflicts of interest." "Harmony of interest" doesn't connote perfection like "no conflicts" does, at least to me.
  13. So what should said party have done or do that would be rational?
  14. I agree. Ayn Rand said there are no conflicts of interest among rational men. However, does a rational person never does anything irrational (even if only in retrospect, but not before the doing) or have foresight so perfect that everything the rational person plans never meets a conflict of interest when implementing the plan? I say 'no'.
  15. I agree that the second meaning I showed is toward the potential. But the first meaning need not be. For example, somebody has a 30% interest (stake) in a business. One definition of "interest' in the Oxford definition referenced on the page I linked above is: A stake, share, or involvement in an undertaking, especially a financial one.
  16. "Interest" has several definitions. Link. The two noun meanings from the MacMillan Dictionary that seem to best fit what Ayn Rand meant by "interest" are: ▸an advantage or benefit to someone or something ▸a connection with something that influences your attitude or behavior because you can gain an advantage from it.
  17. False for both of the following two examples. 1. Employees E1 and E2 work together. E1 is E2’s boss. Both are rational. In order to solve a particular work problem or achieve a particular goal, E1 wants to execute Plan1 and E2 wants to execute Plan2. Plan1 and Plan2 are incompatible; can’t do both. Each believes his or her own plan is somewhat better than the other. They argue. E1 decides on Plan 1 since E1 is the boss. Both are rational and their plans conflict. 2. Two rational businessmen sign a contract. Buyer B agrees to buy from supplier S. If the contract is simple, short
  18. I disagree. The only conditions Ayn Rand gave were that two men were applying for the same job and only one could be hired. She said nothing about one being a friend of the boss's son. So all your extrapolating makes it not Ayn Rand's example, but yours. She said nothing about one applicant trusting the other, or one owing loyalty to the other, or even knowing one another.
  19. It is obvious from the rest of what you wrote after your quoting Wikipedia that you don’t understand the significance of “primary interest” and “secondary interest.” Here is a shorter and clearer explanation. “A conflict of interest arises when what is in a person’s best interest is not in the best interest of another person or organization to which that individual owes loyalty.” Maybe the following will clarify it more. Let P1 = primary interest and P2 = secondary interest. P2 owes loyalty to P1. P1 (or somebody else) trusts P2 to act in P1’s best interest. The relationship might come a
  20. I have explained to you what the topic is and given you lucid examples. It was like talking past you, because you didn't understand the topic well enough to rationally discuss it. Cretins, I have observed, are unable to conceive what I was talking about, and they are only interested in shouting their own a priori, subjectivist views of the topic.
  21. Somehow I was reminded that Ayn Rand's idea of conflicts of interest was discussed in Reason Papers in July 2013 (link). Eyal Mozes reviewed Tara Smith’s Ayn Rand’s Normative Ethics. In Section 2 of his review, he harshly criticized what Smith wrote about conflicts of interest. Carrie-Ann Biondi and Irfan Khawaja responded to Mozes' review. None of the four indicated awareness of the ordinary meaning of 'conflict of interest'.
  22. According to https://coinmarketcap.com/ there are now 4668 cryptocurrencies. Stunning. Binance is #3 in market cap. Bitcoin is #1 and Ethereum #2.
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