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Everything posted by Mikee

  1. on the subject of empathy, would this comment hold true: "Empathy is among the innate moral instincts. The moral instincts are fine-tuned in response to the moral social orders in which we participate."
  2. Mikee

    Animal rights

    Is there a distinction to be made between animal rights amd animal welfare?
  3. Mikee

    Animal rights

    Gott address the marginal humans argument. I think diana heish tackled this topic in a document of hers
  4. My understanding of all this is that ‘Humean’ cause means that while empirical observation is sensible, the attachment of cause lies within the imagination. To be ‘Humean’ is to indulge in factors that guide our processes in assigning cause. How does this contrast with Rand's or even Aristotle's view of causation.
  5. http://www.amazon.com/Straitjacket-Society-Insiders-Irreverent-Bureaucratic/dp/4770018487/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1389702114&sr=1-1&keywords=straitjacket+society
  6. What are your thoughts on Robert Nozick's formulation of JTB. person X knows that p if all of the following conditions are satisfied: (i) p is true. (ii) X believes that p. (iii) If p were not true, X would not believe that p. (iv) If p were true, X would believe that p. I think the problems with subjectivism that David highlighted earlier still stand, no?
  7. I had this thrown at me the other day: "Perhaps the biggest failing of Objectivism, shoehorning consciousness as axiomatic prevents any interesting questions being asked or answered about this uniquely human phenomenon."
  8. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=shDNaFhPiJY
  9. Does anything in this quote negate the concept of Tabula Rasa: "Before we became conscious, we operated on a previous mode of decision-making. Artifacts from this previous and long-superseded mode of decision-making are still with us, and explain many quirks and tendencies of humans. The yearning for authorization is a human quirk not found in any of the other animals. The universal appeal of the god-idea, our susceptibility to hypnosis and schizophrenia, the need for reminders of the admonishments of our elders in the form of gravestones, all hints of how our minds operated before the sla
  10. hasn't essentialism been debunked by the likes of Popper et. al
  11. Much of the history of the interactions between English and then Americans with the Indians was shaped by the differing institutions and cultures of the different Indian tribes.
  12. interesting post Dante. Her other book on virtues didn't receive a good review on TOS
  13. I think Hume started all that 'how do you justify induction' approach to induction. Presumably he discovered that induction is just circular.
  14. Explanations is such a broad term. Feyman did book-keeping.mayne thats what he is referring to.
  15. Louie, could you post that explanantion?
  16. I think what Eioul is talking about is some sort of 'language organ' an idea which I believe has been criticised here: http://zompist.com/langorg.htm There is also Michael Tomasello’s paper on Chomsky’s Universal Grammar: http://www.psych.yorku.ca/gigi/documents/Tomasello_2004.pdf This paragraph is especially worth quoting: “I think it is important that the oddness of the UG hypothesis about language acquisition be emphasized; it has basically no parallels in hypotheses about how children acquire competence in other cognitive domains. For example, such skills as music and m
  17. so the emphasis on evolved moral traditions or customs would fall under the interpretations and/or practise of morality.
  18. Morality, in the Aristotelian tradition is seen as the art of promoting, as well as the experience of, the health of the psyche. (And thus morality is fundamentally self-oriented.) Others, within different traditions define morality instead as the rules of social interaction and cooperation and will talk about evolved moral traditions. If morality is indeed a system of values, as opposed to rules (even though some moralities highlight rules at the expense of values.) what is the relationship between these two ideas? or in other worlds is morality multifaceted?
  19. I've had this claim about Rand's philosophy levelled at me in a discussion: "Rand's philosophy is specifically pre-Darwinian. The human perceptual wetware already constitutes an innate theory about the world. The human body itself can be seen as a conjecture about its environment. And this is all consistent with the observation that toddlers invariably exhibit an innate sense of fair play. They do this long before they could have had the sorts of perceptions and conceptions imagined by Randian Objectivists. Any adequate philosophy is going to have to explain this." When I asked for evide
  20. this is a good article on the subject: http://mostlyfree.blogspot.ca/2013/08/an-individualist-case-for-considering.html
  21. Just out of curiosity, would this comment be consistent with or fall under the theory-ladenness of perception that Kelley discusses in his book: "Knowledge can't begin with perception because observation requires knowledge to be effective. What do you observe and what not? You have to think first to answer that question before you make useful, selective observations.There are vast numbers of things to observe, patterns to find, perspectives to consider, and so on. How is one to choose? Whatever the answer, that we need to start there, not with perception."
  22. hmmm. how is the sensualist theory of perception different from the one Kelley is advocating for?
  23. Some relevant quotes: "In other words, Kant saw with perfect clarity that the history of science had refuted the Baconian myth that we must begin with observations in order to derive our theories from them. And Kant also realized very clearly that behind this historical fact lay a logical fact; that there were logical reasons why this kind of thing did not occur in the history of science: that it was logically impossible to derive theories from observations" (Karl Popper, Conjectures and Refutations: The Growth of Scientific Knowledge, P. 256) "Kant also showed that what holds for Newt
  24. Correcting a mistake.... known to you by what means?
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