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SpookyKitty

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SpookyKitty last won the day on April 24 2018

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  1. I was about to respond but then I read this. Good advice. Put it this way. At this point, I'd rather have 8 more years of Bush than endure another second of Trump.
  2. He was for avoiding economic shutdown, but if you think that's because he even remotely cares about economic freedom as such, you're a fool. This is the same president that started a trade war with China in the 21st century. This is the same president that funneled Covid-19 relief to his family and cronies. This is the same president under whose watch government debt exploded by $6.6 trillion. This is the same president who imposed tariffs on Canadian aluminum imports because they were selling it "too cheap", and some Russian oligarch didn't like that. Is this the work of a principled mind? Economic freedom as such means nothing to Trump. To him it is only useful if it pays himself, his friends, or keeps his poll numbers up. This is a bona fide "for the common good" argument. Those at minimal health risk do not have the right to endanger the individual right to life of those who are not at minimal health risk. Nonsense. Abject science-denial. We have 150,000 dead in the US and over 4 million confirmed infections. We are among the last to lockdown and among the worst in terms of the costs we've paid and will continue to pay. "Politicization" is an anti-concept, similar to "polarization": "An anti-concept is an unnecessary and rationally unusable term designed to replace and obliterate some legitimate concept. The use of anti-concepts gives the listeners a sense of approximate understanding. But in the realm of cognition, nothing is as bad as the approximate . . . . One of today’s fashionable anti-concepts is “polarization.” Its meaning is not very clear, except that it is something bad—undesirable, socially destructive, evil—something that would split the country into irreconcilable camps and conflicts. It is used mainly in political issues and serves as a kind of “argument from intimidation”: it replaces a discussion of the merits (the truth or falsehood) of a given idea by the menacing accusation that such an idea would “polarize” the country—which is supposed to make one’s opponents retreat, protesting that they didn’t mean it. Mean—what? . . ." - Credibility and Polarization, The Ayn Rand Letter For an "Objectivist" you sure are a treasure trove of anti-concepts.
  3. What does it matter? He was in complete and total denial of reality every step of the day. Any approach taken from that standpoint is certain to fail. Almost every other leader in the first world did do better, despite the denialists in their country (especially Italy). The predictions of scientific bodies were not "extreme" they were accurate. When did he do this? Have you been paying any attention to what's been going on at all? The only thing that Trump ever did that experts recommended was wear a mask that one time he visited a veterans' hospital. Every other time, his position has been in complete defiance of all facts and reason.
  4. Trump's insane response to COVID-19 should be enough to immediately disqualify him from being given any further consideration as a serious Presidential candidate.
  5. My understanding of how the banking system works is pretty weak, but I'll take a stab at it. Households get the money to pay the interest from increased wages. The money needed for this is created when firms take out bigger loans.
  6. The word "unit" is NOT a synonym of the word "particular". The word "particular" is an antonym of "universal", both of which are metaphysical notions. Units are epistemological. If I wanted to talk about units, I would have used the word "unit".
  7. Ummm... yeah... cuz that's totally a thing that normal, sane people do... Here: unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit unit Does that make you feel better?
  8. Ok, see this is what I have a problem with. Strictly speaking, there are no "quantities" in reality since every thing that actually exists is a particular. So one cannot literally have "two" (or more) of any particular thing. Therefore, quantities are abstractions, and cannot be used in the process of concept formation without concept-stealing. What I was saying earlier was that the first step of concept formation (the one where we move beyond concrete representations of concrete entities), is not the passive process of measurement omission, but the active process of interpolation (the explicit, conscious, mental construction of entities that we have never actually observed from the mental representations of entities that we have actually observed). For example, whenever I have read about Rand's description of the formation of the concept "length", in my mind, I visualize two "long" objects (pencils, say), laid next to each other and then I mentally construct a third pencil that is longer than both, and a pencil longer than that, and so on. But I still don't fully feel as though I have grasped the concept of "length", but rather, only the length of pencils. When, however, I grasp the spatial relationships among the lengths of the pencils, only then do I feel like I have grasped "length" as an abstraction. Because now that I have an awareness of the spatial relationships involved alone, I can apply the concept of length to things other than pencils, such as football fields, cars, and so forth. Note that this happens entirely without any sort of quantitative reasoning, not even implicitly. My claim is that spatial reasoning is fundamental because, while I can imagine thinking without numbers, I cannot, no matter how hard I try, think without space. Even when comparing numbers I tend to think things like : "Oh, 2 is less than 3 because 2 is to the left of 3 on the number line". And this ties back into the discussion about quantiative vs. qualitative. That a given length x is longer than some other length y is a qualitative distinction. On the other hand, that a given length x is longer than some other length y by 2.3 inches is a quantitative distinction. And I would disagree with Eiuol that length is a quantity. Length can be measured by a quantity, but it is not itself a quantity.
  9. We assumed that "P(g) or not P(g)". We then derived "P(u) or not P(u)" by excluded middle. Since we assumed one and then derived the other, we can use implication introduction to infer "If P(g) or not P(g), then P(u) or not P(u)".
  10. Recognizing a pattern you've already seen would be an instance of induction. But figuring out a totally new pattern you've never seen before would be an instance of concept formation.
  11. Abstraction from abstraction isn't relevant here because what I described is an abstraction from concretes. Not at all. My point was that what patterns someone can recognize in data is a function of the concepts they have and not simply perception.
  12. This is a contradiction. There is always some property that some thing has from which we can deduce that another thing has it too. Proof: Let g be "God" and let u be "universe". Let P be any property. First, suppose that "P(g) or not P(g)". Then, by the law of excluded middle we have, "P(u) or not P(u)". By implication introduction this gives, "if 'P(g) or not P(g)', then 'P(u) or not P(u)'". Now, let the property Q(x) be defined as "P(x) or not P(x)". We now derive, "if Q(g), then Q(u)". The proof of the converse is left as an exercise to the reader.
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